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Maruti Swift Club India - Suzuki Swift Legacy Cars in India: Maruti Suzuki 1000, Maruti Suzuki Esteem, Maruti Suzuki Swift & Maruti Suzuki Dzire.

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History of Suzuki Swift


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The Suzuki Swift is a supermini car manufactured by the Japanese Suzuki Motor Corporation. It was originally named SA-310 at its debut in 1985, but in 1986 it was renamed the Swift. It featured a modest 993 cc straight-3 engine producing 50 hp (37 kW), capable of going 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 17.9 seconds with a top speed of 141 km/h (88 mph). The G10 engine was very light, weighing only 63 kg (139 lb), and was not very powerful compared to other cars on the market. The suspension was lifted from the Suzuki Alto.

In Japan the car was sold as Suzuki Cultus, and from 1985 to 1988 in the United States and 1991 in Canada, the car was sold by General Motors as the Chevrolet Sprint and the Geo Metro captive imports. The car was sold from 1985 to 2000 as the Pontiac Firefly in Canada. In 1998, when General Motors discontinued the Geo line of economy cars, the Metro was rebadged as a Chevrolet. The Geo Metro was GM's most fuel efficient car of the 1990s. Its sedan version was the third model launched by Maruti Suzuki of India and was sold as the Maruti 1000 and the Suzuki Forsa in Canada.

 

 

First Generation - Suzuki Swift Mk1 (1985-1988)



Also called
Chevrolet Sprint
Pontiac Firefly
Suzuki Forsa
Suzuki Cultus
Production
1985–1988
Assembly
Hamamatsu, Japan
Body style(s)
3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
Platform
M-body
Engine(s)
1.3L I3
1.0L I3
1.3L I4
Transmission(s)
3-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase
3-Door: 2245 mm (88.4 in)
5-Door: 2344 mm (92.3 in)

The first generation Suzuki Swift, internally designated by Suzuki as AA41S, was available in a number of engine configurations including a carbureted or fuel injected turbocharged 1.0 litre, 3 cylinder (G10) engine and a carbureted or fuel injected 1.3 litre (G13).

There were two versions available: the 1.0 GA and the 1.0 GL. The GA model was the "budget" trim level, with plastic wheelcovers, 5-speed gearbox and cloth trim. The GL model was the plusher of the two, and had a 5-speed gearbox, a sunroof (some markets had air conditioning. It also had alloy wheels rather than wheelcovers.

The AA41S series was the first to introduce the Swift GTi. The Swift GTi utilized the G13B engine. The G13B is a DOHC 16 valve, 1.3 L, in-line 4-cylinder engine that features an aluminum block and cylinder head, forged steel crankshaft and connecting rods, and cast aluminum high compression pistons (10:1 compression ratio). Its power output is 101 hp (70 kW). The MK1 Swift GTi was available in European and Asia-Pacific markets.

The US market only received the 1.0 litre version which were sold as the Chevrolet Sprint, Pontiac Firefly, and the Suzuki Forsa. Both the carbureted and turbocharged models were available in North America. The Chevrolet Sprint Turbo was available in 1987 and 1988 in red and white. The 1.3 Suzuki Swift sold quite well in Canada, and was even available as a rental car.

 

Second Generation - Suzuki Swift Mk2 (1989-1991)



Also called
Suzuki Cultus
Geo Metro
Pontiac Firefly
Maruti Esteem
Chevrolet Sprint
Holden Barina
Production
1989–1994
Assembly
Hamamatsu, Japan
Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada
Gurgaon, India, Esztergom, Hungary
Body style(s)
4-door sedan
3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
Platform
M-body
Engine(s)
1.3L 70 hp I4
1.3L 100 hp I4
Transmission(s)
3-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase
Sedan: 93.1 in (2365 mm)
Hatchback: 89.2 in (2266 mm)
Length
Sedan: 161.2 in (4094 mm)
1992-94 Hatchback: 147.4 in (3744 mm)
1989-1991 5-Door Hatchback: 150.0 in (3810 mm)
1989-1991 3-Door Hatchback: 146.1 in (3711 mm)
Width
62.6 in (1590 mm)
GT & 1989-1991: 62.4 in (1585 mm)
Maruti Esteem: 1575 mm (62 in)
Height
Sedan: 53.5 in (1359 mm)
Hatchback: 52.4 in (1331 mm)
1989-1991 5-Door Hatchback: 54.3 in (1379 mm)
1992-94 3-Door Hatchback: 53.1 in (1348.7 mm)
Maruti Esteem: 1395 mm (54.9 in)
Related
Suzuki Esteem/Cultus Crescent

The AA44S series introduced an entirely redesigned vehicle, with a new curvier body style, four wheel independent strut suspension and numerous other improvements. It was available with a 1.0 liter 3-cylinder, 1.3 liter 4-cylinder, and 1.6 liter 4-cylinder engines. The 1.0 liter 3-cylinder engine continued being the most popular variant, with a power output of 53 hp (39 kW). The higher powered Swift GTi had an improved G13B engine which now featured hollow camshafts, stronger web casting on the engine block, a better flowing intake manifold (the prior generation intake manifold had its shape compromised to fit into the engine bay), and its ECU now had electronic control over ignition timing. It now put out 100 hp (74 kW) of power. The Swift GTi also featured all wheel disc brakes. The JDM Cultus GTi featured a G13B engine that had higher compression pistons (11.5:1 compression ratio), tubular exhaust headers, a tubular intake manifold, larger camshafts and a reprogrammed ECU. Some models of the Cultus GTi were also available with all-wheel drive. The engine in the Cultus had a power output of 113 hp (84 kW).

The second-generation Swift was introduced to North America in two trim levels in 1989; 3-door GTi and 5-door GLX. The GTi name was changed to GT in 1990 because of an out of court settlement with Volkswagen of America over their similarly named GTI. The GTi/GT had a 1.3 liter, Twincam 100 hp (70 kW) 16-valve 4-cylinder engine while the GLX had a single cam 8-valve version of the same engine. The 1.0 liter 3-cylinder was never available in North America in the Swift except for Canada where it was sold from 1992 to 1994. In 1990, the GLX was dropped; an inexpensive GA 3-door was added as were a GA, GL and GS 4-door sedan.

The AA44S Swift was manufactured in India as the Maruti Esteem till 2007.

In Europe the car was marketed as the Subaru Justy and in Chile the sedan version was named Suzuki Jazz.

 

Third Generation - Suzuki Swift MK3 (1992 - 1994)

Suzuki Swift MK3 (1992-1994) performance:

  • 1.0L SOHC engine GS-hatch(5_Door) 53 hp (40 kW) 0-100 km/h: 16.9 sec., top speed 141 km/h (88 mph) MT
  • 1.3L SOHC engine GS-sedan(4_Door) 68 hp (51 kW) 0-100 km/h: 13.8 sec., top speed 169 km/h (105 mph) MT
  • 1.3L DOHC engine (GTi/GT)-hatch(3_Door) 101 hp (75 kW) 0-100 km/h: 8.0 sec., top speed 182 km/h (113 mph) MT

The MK3 series continued with the body-style of the MK2, but changed the style of the bumpers, taillights and updated the interior. GT/GTi versions were equipped with larger sway-bars, and the camshafts were now solid. Power output remained the same at 100 hp (70 kW). Production of the MK3 Swift for the North American market ended in 1994, and in Japan (as the Cultus) for 1998. In Europe, the MK3 series was known as "MK2 - Type2", incorrectly called Phase 2 by many, and it was built at Magyar Suzuki, remaining in various European countries until 2003.

In Esztergom, Hungary the first car was made in September 1992. This was called type 1 (MK2 - type 2). From 1996 type 2 followed (MK3 - type 1). From the model year 2000 there were some modifications made (MK3 - type 2). Some type 2 models were fitted with a suzuki 4 wheel drive system and badged as Subaru Justy. (suzuki marketed a 4x4 cultus in Japan but did not make it available in Europe) The last modifications were made from model year 2002 but only for the Hungarian market. This was called type 4 (MK3 - type 3).

The production of the 3dr models were finished in September 2002. In the same year, in December, the 4dr sedan version was also discontinued. The last var was a 5dr version in March 2003. The 5dr models were manufactured untill early 2008 in Pakistan (called the Cultus, 1.0 carbureted engine operating with petrol & CNG), and the 4dr sedan in India (by Maruti, called the Esteem) and in China (by Changan, called the Lingyang) In Australia, the MK3 series continued sales until 1999. The North American Geo Metro and Pontiac Firefly models were available in convertible, hatchback and sedan forms.

Metro and Firefly sedans were only sold in Canada and produced in Japan while Metro and Firefly hatchbacks were produced by CAMI Automotive. Swift, Metro and Firefly models were redesigned in 1995, later discontinued in 2001.


Third Generation - Suzuki Swift MK3.5 (1995-2001)



1995-2001 Suzuki Swift (North America)

A North American-exclusive Suzuki Swift built at CAMI Automotive in Ingersoll, Ontario, Canada became available in 1995.

The 1998 model year brought a change under the hood with a new I-4 1.3L engine, it was a SOHC 16v design, other upgrades included the move away from the distributor to electronic ignition, and the switch to MPFI(Multiport Fuel Injection) from TBI(Throttle Body Injection). The new engine's specifications: Power: 59 kW , 79 HP @ 6,000 rpm; 75 ft·lbf (102 N·m) @ 3,000 rpm. This engine replaced the older 8v 4 cylinder, but the 3 cylinder engine remained unchanged.

After 2001, the Suzuki Swift was no longer sold in the United States.

 

Fourth Generation - Suzuki Swift+ (2004-present)




Canadian Suzuki Swift+, based on the Daewoo Kalos

For the Canadian market, Suzuki stopped selling the Swift MK3.5 (or MK5) in 2001, to be superseded by a version of the Daewoo Kalos in fall 2003 (progenitor of the Chevrolet Aveo et al), named the Suzuki Swift+ and marketed solely as a 5-door hatchback.

 

Fourth Generation - Suzuki Swift MK4 (2004-present)



Production
2004–present
Assembly
Hamamatsu, Japan
Body style(s)
3-door hatchback
5-door hatchback
4-door sedan
Engine(s)
1.3L I4
1.5L I4
1.6L I4
Transmission(s)
4-speed automatic
5-speed manual
Wheelbase
2390 mm (94.1 in)
Length
3755 mm (147.8 in)
Width
1690 mm (66.5 in)
Height
1510 mm (59.4 in)

The Mk4 Swift had its debut at the Paris Auto Salon in September 2004. This Swift is intended to compete in the European B segment with the Peugeot 206, Opel Corsa and the Fiat Punto. Available with 1.3 (92 bhp) and 1.5 (102 bhp) litre petrol engines, the new Swift is Suzuki's new "global car", to be produced in Hungary, India, Japan and by Chang'an in China. 3- and 5-door bodies are available and four-wheel drive is an option with the 1.3 litre petrol engine.

The design of the new Swift was previewed on the Concept S and Concept S2 concept cars at auto shows, in the years leading up to its launch. Its proportions and basic shape share similarities with the New Mini, with blacked-out A pillars and bumper-car stance.

The British Autocar magazine gave the new Swift a favourable 4/5 stars in road test, judging it a "thoroughly impressive all-rounder". The Mk4 Swift has received a four stars out of five rating in the EuroNCAP crash tests[1].

Since its global launch in 2005, which was kicked off with a marketing campaign fronted by the footballer Cristiano Ronaldo in many European countries, the Swift has recorded above forecast sales in most markets[citation needed]. In Japan, sales figures have been twice the forecast and in many European markets the model has been a runaway success[citation needed]. In Denmark, the Mk¤ Swift has been consistently in Top 3 for more than 2 years and was the car with the highest sales figures in 2006[citation needed]. In India, rapid sales of the new Swift model contributed to the 64% rise in Q1 profits for Maruti Suzuki.

 

Fourth Generation - Suzuki Swift Dzire (Notchback)


Maruti Suzuki Swift Dzire, based on the Suzuki Swift MK4

Recently Suzuki introduced a sedan based version of the Swift called the Maruti Swift Dzire in the Indian market. The sedan has the exact same wheelbase as the hatchback version and has an increased overall length due to the addition of the boot.

Content Source: Wikipedia.org

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